Eviatar Nevo

Eviatar Nevo

Professor emeritus; University of Haifa, Israel

Eviatar Nevo (born 1929 ) is an evolutionary biologist , professor emeritus at the University of Haifa, Israel, in charge of the Chair in Evolutionary Biology and a Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States. Founded the Institute of Evolution, Haifa University. Established the International Centre for Doctoral evolution. He has published over 1200 articles and 24 books. Discovered hundreds of species of animals in scientific difference, including 77 kinds of mushrooms in the Dead Sea.

Nevo obtained his MSc degree (Distinguished) and PhD degree at the Hebrew University Jerusalem. Nevo is a Foreign Member of the Linnean Society, London (1990),  Ukraine Academy of Sciences (1997); Foreig Associate National Academy of Sciences USA (2000); Honorary Member of the Ukraine Botanical Society (1995), the American Society of Mammalogists (2002), and the Israel Zoological Society (2007); Honorary doctorates of World University (1990), the University of Duisberg -Essen, Germany, the Yorker International University, Milan,  Italy.

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Research  achievements:  Professor Eviatar Nevo is a world leader in Evolutionary Biology   and has contributed substantially to the understanding of genetic diversity and correlates and predictors of genetic diversity in nature, under diverse environmental stresses (chemical, climatic, thermal, biotic, and atomic). His extensive studies (1200 + papers and 26 books) involve the study of genes, genomes, phenomes, populations, species, and ecosystems of bacteria, fungi, plants, animals, and humans focusing on the structure, function, and causation of genetic diversity in nature. He has conducted local (in four natural laboratories of  "Evolution Canyons" in Israel), regional (in Israel and the Near East Fertile Crescent as natural genetic laboratories), and global (across all continents as genetic labs) genetic studies, interdisciplinarily linking genetics and ecology in terms of ecological genetics and ecological genomics, bridging genotypes and phenotypes, integrating molecular and organismal biology,  organism-environment relationships, and elucidating the patterns and causation of genetic diversity in nature.

These studies link environmental stress with the level of genetic polymorphism in proteins and DNA across life (bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals) and the entire planet (all continents).  Nevo established the Environmental Theory of Genetic Diversity proposing that, generally, genetic polymorphism AT ALL SCALES, LOCAL, REGIONAL AND GLOBAL, AND ACROSS LIFE, is positively correlated with and predictable by environmental stress.  

The "Evolution Canyon" model  initiated by Nevo and dubbed by him the "Israeli Galapagos", became a classical model of biodiversity evolution at a microscale caused by sharp microclimatic interslope divergence confronting  biotic representation of two continents, Africa and Europa. The  200 papers and three books published on the model  involve diverse fundamental problems of evolutionary biology. These include biodiversity evolution , genetic polymorphism, transposon and retrotransposon dynamics and their effects on  genome size, DNA repair; mutation, recombination, and gene conversion rates as well as methylation  associated with stress, lateral transfer, splice variation, wide genome gene expression; and the twin evolutionary processes of   adaptation and incipient sympatric speciation across life from bacteria through fungi, plants, and animals from invertebrates  to mammals.