Research achievements: Professor Eviatar Nevo is a world leader in Evolutionary Biology and has contributed substantially to the understanding of genetic diversity and correlates and predictors of genetic diversity in nature, under diverse environmental stresses (chemical, climatic, thermal, biotic, and atomic). His extensive studies (1200 + papers and 26 books) involve the study of genes, genomes, phenomes, populations, species, and ecosystems of bacteria, fungi, plants, animals, and humans focusing on the structure, function, and causation of genetic diversity in nature. He has conducted local (in four natural laboratories of "Evolution Canyons" in Israel), regional (in Israel and the Near East Fertile Crescent as natural genetic laboratories), and global (across all continents as genetic labs) genetic studies, interdisciplinarily linking genetics and ecology in terms of ecological genetics and ecological genomics, bridging genotypes and phenotypes, integrating molecular and organismal biology, organism-environment relationships, and elucidating the patterns and causation of genetic diversity in nature.
These studies link environmental stress with the level of genetic polymorphism in proteins and DNA across life (bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals) and the entire planet (all continents). Nevo established the Environmental Theory of Genetic Diversity proposing that, generally, genetic polymorphism AT ALL SCALES, LOCAL, REGIONAL AND GLOBAL, AND ACROSS LIFE, is positively correlated with and predictable by environmental stress.
The "Evolution Canyon" model initiated by Nevo and dubbed by him the "Israeli Galapagos", became a classical model of biodiversity evolution at a microscale caused by sharp microclimatic interslope divergence confronting biotic representation of two continents, Africa and Europa. The 200 papers and three books published on the model involve diverse fundamental problems of evolutionary biology. These include biodiversity evolution , genetic polymorphism, transposon and retrotransposon dynamics and their effects on genome size, DNA repair; mutation, recombination, and gene conversion rates as well as methylation associated with stress, lateral transfer, splice variation, wide genome gene expression; and the twin evolutionary processes of adaptation and incipient sympatric speciation across life from bacteria through fungi, plants, and animals from invertebrates to mammals.