James A. Shapiro

James A. Shapiro

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; University of Chicago

James A. Shapiro has worked as professor of microbiology at the University of Chicago since 1973. Earlier, while working at Harvard, Shapiro was part of the first team to isolate a single gene from an organism. An expert in bacterial genetics, he proposes the concept of Natural Genetic Engineering, a process described to account for novelty created in the process of biological evolution. Shapiro is an advocate of non-Darwinian evolution and is a critic of the modern synthesis. He has published primary scientific literature on evolution since the early 90s.



"The capcity of living organisms to alter their own heredity is undeniable. Our current ideas about evolution have to incorporate this basic fact of life."

(Evolution: A View from the 21st Century, p.2)