Máximo Sandín

Máximo Sandín

Departamento de Biología; Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Sandín  held the position of full professor in the Biology department since 1977, specializing in Human Development and Human Ecology. Since 1995, evolution has been  his number one focus. He proposed a model of evolution by Integration of Complex Systems and is a critic of the Darwinian coception of evolution and life.

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Máximo Sandín received his  B. A. in Biology from the Complutense University of Madrid and a Ph. D. in Bio-anthropology from the Universidad Autonoma (Autonomous University) of Madrid where he has  been working as a researcher and lecturer since 1977. In addition to  this, he has studied Child Nutrition, Growth and Development, and Anthropometry at the University of Havana and the Free University of  Brussels and has worked in Cuba, Belgium, Spain, Morocco and Latin America.

 In the last twenty years, an enormous accumulation of information has been generated in several very significant aspects of biology, but the great specialization necessary to arrive at these discoveries has been  an obstacle to assimilate them, to integrate them into an overall vision that contributes a better understanding of one's own  discoveries. This has been the work of Professor Maximo Sandin for more than twenty years.

Dr. Maximo Sandin sees nature as a set of integrated and complex systems in equilibrium and not in constant competition, considering the virus and bacteria the builders, regulators and maintainers of life in Earth.



"We find something about what would be convenient to stop and think: That viruses, "our worst competitors" are actually the basic units of life. That, along with the bacteria, have founded it and that life is still developing immersed, interconnected and regulated by a sea of bacteria and viruses."

(En busca de la Biología. Reflexiones sobre la evolución. Asclepio, 2009)